I have spent the afternoon looking for a simple “definition” of what a distressed and underserved community is. I have found bits and pieces, and I have found the updated lists for 2018, but we are undergoing some policy updates, and would like to align our definition with what the FRB and FFIEC define them as, but I am at a loss to find something. Can you help, or point me in the right direction?
Distressed or underserved communities are designated by the FRB, FDIC, and OCC, based on rates of poverty, unemployment, population loss, population size, density, and dispersion. The bank would need to use the lists for determining if a loan is being made in a distressed or underserved community.
The distressed lists: https://www.ffiec.gov/cra/distressed.htm
And the CRA:
(iii) Distressed or underserved nonmetropolitan middle-income geographies designated by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, FDIC, and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, based on--
(A) Rates of poverty, unemployment, and population loss; or
(B) Population size, density, and dispersion. Activities revitalize and stabilize geographies designated based on population size, density, and dispersion if they help to meet essential community needs, including needs of low- and moderate-income individuals.
By what day do we have to file the continuing activity SAR? Is it Day 90 or Day 120?
The guidance provides that "Financial institutions with SAR requirements may file SARs for continuing activity after a 90 day review with the filing deadline being 120 days after the date of the previously related SAR filing. Financial institutions may also file SARs on continuing activity earlier than the 120 day deadline if the institution believes the activity warrants earlier review by law enforcement." https://www.fincen.gov/sites/default/files/shared/sar_tti_21.pdf (p. 53).
So the review period itself is 90 days, but the filing deadline is 120 days from the last one filed, to include the additional 30 days allowed for filing. It does also say that the bank has the option of filing earlier than the 120 days if it believes that law enforcement should review earlier.
Financial institutions with SAR requirements may file SARs for continuing activity after a 90-day review with the filing deadline being 120 days after the date of the previously related SAR filing. So, for filings where a subject has been identified, the timeline is as follows:
Identification of suspicious activity and subject: Day 0.
Deadline for initial SAR filing: Day 30.
End of 90 day review: Day 120.
Deadline for continuing activity SAR with subject information: Day 150 (120 days from the date of the initial filing on Day 30).
If the activity continues, this time frame will result in three SARs filed over a 12-month period.
We have a potential borrower who has several buildings we will be taking as collateral. The corner of one building is in a flood zone. We have requested flood insurance covering the entire building. Our borrower stated that his previous lender allowed them to obtain flood insurance on the one unit of the building that has the corner in the flood zone. We disagree with this. Should we receive flood insurance on the entire building?
That is correct. Under the “one brick rule,” if the bank is taking the entire building as collateral and if even one corner or brick of the building is in the flood zone, the entire building must be covered. There’s not an exception for only securing the percentage of the building that is in the flood zone, unfortunately.
This was discussed in our latest flood webinar:
(a) In general. An FDIC-supervised institution shall not make, increase, extend, or renew any designated loan unless the building or mobile home and any personal property securing the loan is covered by flood insurance for the term of the loan. The amount of insurance must be at least equal to the lesser of the outstanding principal balance of the designated loan or the maximum limit of coverage available for the particular type of property under the Act. Flood insurance coverage under the Act is limited to the building or mobile home and any personal property that secures a loan and not the land itself.
With regard to the FDIC's Part 350 Annual Disclosure Statement rescission, would it only apply to one of our charters or would it apply to the holding company and everything under it as a whole? We are two chartered banks under one holding company.
The rescission applies to all FDIC supervised bank at the federal level, so in your case, it appears that it would apply to both banks independently, regardless of whether they're both under a holding company:
...This Financial Institution Letter applies to all FDIC-supervised institutions, including community institutions....
FDIC: FIL-14-2019: Removal of the FDIC'S Part 350 Annual Disclosure Statement Requirement
Removal of the FDIC's Part 350 Annual Disclosure Statement Requirement Printable Format: FIL-14-2019 - PDF (). Summary: On March 8, 2019, the FDIC Board approved a final rule rescinding and removing Part 350 of the FDIC's regulations, which is entitled Disclosure of Financial and Other Information by FDIC Insured State Nonmember Banks. The FDIC is taking this action to simplify its regulations ...
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